Accordingly, we also reject Advance America’s second basis for claiming that minimal diversity exists in this case

Accordingly, we also reject Advance America’s second basis for claiming that minimal diversity exists in this case

Thus, under the class definition set forth in the complaint, if a putative class member had in fact changed his or her State of domicile by the time the complaint had been filed, then the person no longer would qualify as a member of the class and accordingly would have no impact on whether minimal diversity exists. And if the person established citizenship in another State after the complaint was filed, it would not affect jurisdiction that existed at the time the complaint or notice of removal was filed. See Mollan v. Torrance, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 537, 539, 6 L. 154 (1824); see also Grupo Dataflux, 541 U.S. at 570-71, 124 S.Ct. 1920; 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(7).

Because we conclude that Advance America has not demonstrated the minimal diversity required by 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(2)(A), we need not reach the issue whether the home-state exception in § 1332(d)(4)(B) was satisfied. But we observe, as a matter of logic, that if the class is limited to citizens of South Carolina, it could hardly be claimed that two-thirds of the class members were not citizens of South Carolina.

But in enacting this legislation to remedy state court abuses of the class action device, Congress did not give federal courts jurisdiction over all class actions, specifically excluding those consisting of “primarily local matters

CAFA has indeed relaxed the requirements for demonstrating diversity jurisdiction and for removing class actions to allow federal courts more readily to supervise those class actions that are “interstate cases of national importance.” See CAFA § 2(b)(2). ” See Sen. Rep. No. 109-14, at 6 (2005) (“This Committee believes that the current diversity and removal standards as applied in interstate class actions have facilitated a parade of abuses, and are thwarting the underlying purpose of the constitutional requirement of diversity jurisdiction. [CAFA] addresses these concerns by establishing ‘balanced diversity[,]’ a rule allowing a larger number of class actions into federal courts, while continuing to preserve primary state court jurisdiction over primarily local matters ”) (emphasis added). Nor did Congress purport to alter through CAFA our federal system of dual sovereignty where we presume state courts to be competent. See Tafflin v. Levitt, 493 U.S. 455, 458-59, 110 S.Ct. 792, 107 L.2d 887 (1990).


This case, we conclude, falls into that class of cases which Congress found appropriate to leave to the States under CAFA. The plaintiffs are South Carolina citizens and the class they purport to represent is comprised exclusively of South Carolina citizens. The defendant is a citizen of South Carolina, albeit also a citizen of payday loans Kentucky Delaware. All the transactions addressed by the complaint took place in South Carolina and are alleged to have violated only South Carolina law. Undoubtedly, the plaintiffs could have expanded their action to fall under the provisions of CAFA, but, as the masters of their complaint, they opted to bring their suit only under South Carolina law and to name only those parties who were South Carolina citizens involved in entirely South Carolina transactions. This they were entitled to do. See Lincoln Prop., 546 U.S. at 91, 126 S.Ct. 606.

I agree with the majority opinion that Advance America fails to satisfy the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(2)(A) on the basis of its dual citizenship. I write separately because I respectfully disagree, in part, with the conclusion in the majority opinion that the language of the Complaint has limited the classes of plaintiffs to only South Carolina citizens as of the time the Complaint was filed. Nonetheless, I concur in the judgment of the majority because Advance America failed to meet its burden of proof to establish the citizenship of any plaintiff in a state other than South Carolina.

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